Domestic Violence Charges in Rio Rancho, New Mexico
Rio Rancho Domestic Violence Lawyers
Domestic violence charges mean big trouble, because New Mexico courts do not take them lightly. In fact, domestic violence is somewhat unique among criminal charges in that
- (i) it involves a highly politicized issue, and
- (ii) false charges of domestic violence are often used to gain advantage in child custody proceedings.
An accusation of domestic violence more than ever is a very serious matter. Even if you are not guilty. Get in touch with our experienced Rio Rancho domestic violence lawyers to discuss your case.
Just What Is “Domestic Violence” Anyway?
Under New Mexico law, a “household member” is a spouse, family member, or person with whom the accused has an ongoing personal relationship (a girlfriend, for example). “Domestic violence” occurs when one household member commits one of the following offenses against another household member:
- Causing physical injuries to the accuser or to children
- Threatening to harm children
- Intentionally causing severe emotional distress
- Assaulting the accuser with the intent to commit a violent felony
- Threatening imminent injury (cocking a fist, pulling a gun, etc.)
- Criminal trespassing
- Causing property damage
- Stalking behavior
- Harassing the accuser by telephone
Domestic violence can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony. It can carry stiff penalties up to and including years in prison, as well as other penalties. Furthermore, a domestic violence conviction can brand you with the “mark of Cain” because of the negative stigma attached to it.
Potential Defenses and Countermeasures
A charge is not the same as a conviction. To win a conviction against you, the prosecutor is going to have to prove his case beyond a reasonable doubt. The following is a very incomplete list of some of the most common defenses and countermeasures against domestic violence charges:
- Self-defense (the accuser attacked you first)
- Defense of others (a child, for example)
- Exclusion of illegally seized evidence, sometimes even including a confession, from your trial
- Contradiction of a fact that is critical to a conviction – a witness who testifies that you were out of town on the day of an alleged assault, for example.
- Plea bargaining: Pleading guilty to a lesser offense in exchange for a lighter sentence
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Can I be cleared if my accuser decides to drop charges?
Strictly speaking, no. Only the prosecutor can drop charges, and he can persist with a prosecution even over the objections of your accuser. As a practical matter, however, it might be difficult for the prosecutor to win in court without the cooperation of your accuser. The prosecutor can, however, question your accuser under oath and compel an answer. Refusal to answer would be contempt of court, while answering untruthfully would be perjury.
Can the criminal court rule on child custody during my prosecution?
No, the criminal court cannot rule on child custody; that is the job of the family court. Nevertheless, a domestic violence conviction could drastically affect your child custody rights. Even a charge that never results in a conviction could have a temporary effect on your parental rights.
What are the consequences of violating a no-contact order?
You could be arrested and jailed. New Mexico courts are typically very strict about enforcing no-contact orders. What’s more, you could be convicted of violating a no-contact order even if you are acquitted of the underlying domestic violence charge. Never violate a no-contact order.
What are the typical “conditions of release” on a domestic violence charge?
You may be subject to many conditions of release. The most common are:
- No consumption of alcohol or drugs
- No violations of the law
- No contact with the accuser
- Travel restrictions (no leaving the state, for example)
- No possession of firearms, even if it is required for your job
Some of these restrictions can be modified with a persuasive petition to the court. Do not break an existing restriction or you could be arrested. Speak with our knowledgeable Rio Rancho domestic violence attorneys to understand more about conditions of release.
If you have been charged with domestic violence in Rio Rancho, New Mexico, you are at war whether you know it or not and whether you like it or not. Do not march into battle alone, even if you are innocent and you believe that “justice will prevail.” Unfortunately, in New Mexico courts, it is admissible evidence and persuasive advocacy that prevail, and justice only prevails if it coincides with these advantages.
Contact our Rio Rancho Domestic Violence Lawyers Today
At New Mexico Criminal Law, it is our job to see to it that these advantages are yours. Our trusted Rio Rancho domestic violence attorneys have shaved thousands of years off of prison sentences sought by aggressive Rio Rancho prosecutors. We have won complete acquittals for many of our clients also. Call us at 505-200-2982 or fill out our online contact form to schedule an appointment. We serve clients from Sara’s Meadow, Diamond Ridge, Enchanted Hills, and elsewhere in the Rio Rancho area.